New heavy-duty vehicle carbon emission regulations of 2020
To deliver on its promise to fight global warming, Environment and Climate Change Canada announced new heavy-duty vehicle carbon pollution regulations in June 2018.
Since these regulations came into effect in early 2020 and will become increasingly stricter over the next few years, why not take a look at them?
Current heavy-duty vehicle carbon emissions in Canada
All heavy vehicles operating in Canada, mostly diesel-powered, currently emit almost as much carbon as coal-fired power plants. Their use has increased significantly since 1990 and pollution produced by this type of vehicle has almost tripled in 30 years.
The Canadian government therefore had to take steps to reverse this trend and develop new legislation on greenhouse gas emissions from heavy vehicles.
A regulation that limits CO2 emissions
The new regulation introduces stricter standards for year 2021 models of heavy-duty vehicles and engines and is set to get progressively stricter until 2027. These standards set a maximum value for CO2 emissions in grams per mile that must be respected or penalties can be faced. Values vary depending on the heavy duty vehicle type, its purpose and its engine.
The goal of these standards is to improve overall truck fuel economy and reduce GHGs. They are expected to reduce carbon pollution by about 6 million tonnes per year by 2030. If this target is met, it will be equivalent to removing about 1.5 million cars from the road yearly.
By reducing emissions from school buses, highway tractors and trailers, commercial trucks, delivery vans and heavy-duty vans, these regulations will also help Canada meet its obligations under the Paris Agreement.
Encouraging the development of alternative fuels with stricter standards
Canada’s new heavy-duty carbon pollution regulations are designed to promote innovation and flexibility so that the transportation industry can choose the most cost-efficient compliance options.
For example, heavy vehicle manufacturers will have the flexibility to select clean technologies that will lower the fuel consumption of their models and reduce emissions and operating costs.
This could lead several manufacturers to offer more engines compatible with cleaner fuels, such as compressed natural gas (CNG), which has a much smaller carbon footprint than diesel. The government has mentioned its intention to promote clean technologies with the new regulations.
Positive effects for transport companies
The new regulations will also reduce costs associated to transporting goods by truck in Canada, helping the transportation sector’s competitiveness.
For example, it will enable owners of new heavy-duty vehicles to save nearly $1.7 billion annually in fuel costs by 2030, therefore reducing their operating costs.
EBI views the new legislation in a positive light
In conclusion, it may take a few years to assess the effectiveness of this new regulation on heavy vehicle carbon pollution. Nevertheless, it is certainly a step in the right direction from an environmental point of view.
EBI strongly believes that the future of transport requires actions that promote clean energy. If you share this point of view and want to reduce your dependence on polluting vehicles and fuels, why not test drive a heavy duty CNG truck today?